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Charter of the United Nations


After two wars, the Charter of the United Nations was adopted on 26 June 1945 at the United Nations Conference on International Organization in San Francisco in order to maintain the functioning of the international community and to protect the equal rights of all peoples and to prevent future generations from experiencing the unbearable sufferings of wars.


The founding members of the United Nations are those countries that have participated in the United Nations Conference on International Organization in San Francisco or have previously signed the Declaration of the United Nations on 1 January 1942 and have signed the Charter of the United Nations and ratified it in accordance with Article 110 of the Charter. Other peace-loving States which have accepted the obligations contained in the Charter of the United Nations and which, in the opinion of the international organisations of the United Nations, are able and willing to carry out those obligations, may become Members of the United Nations.


The UN Charter opens with the words, “We the Peoples of the United Nations.” These words put people at the centr3 of the UN. The people-centric aim of the UN acts as a reminder for the UN remains its aim as it was first founded.



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