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​第一屆澳門模擬聯合國大會

旨在構建國際化平台予兩岸四地之中學生發揮所長,透過對世界時事及國際議題進行探究及分析,拓闊國際視野且培養自身思辯能力、從而提升學生團隊精神及領導才能。同時亦冀望借本次活動提升「模擬聯合國」於本澳之學術氣圍及社會參與。
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委員會:國際奧林匹克委員會

議題:2032夏季奧運會選址

席位設置:40席,單代表制

工作語言:繁體中文(廣東話)

 

喺1964年嘅夏季奧運會上,南非因為佢嘅種族隔離政策而受到抵制,無法參與奧運。幾十年之後,種族隔離制度終於喺南非成為歷史。喺2008年嘅北京奧運,導演張藝謀以中華文明為主題嘅開幕禮驚艷世界,標誌中國喺國際舞台上嘅又一次轉變。

 

奧運由1896年喺雅典舉行到而家已經超過一百年,由最初只有13個國家同311位選手參與,到今日已經發展成為每屆有成萬個選手、339個項目嘅大型國際活動。

 

《奧林匹克憲章》嘅「基本原則」表明希望「通過冇任何歧視、具有奧林匹克精神——以友誼、團結同公平精神互相瞭解——嘅體育活動嚟教育青年,從而為建立一個和平而且更美好嘅世界做出貢獻」。雖然話奧方官方嘅精神係非政治性嘅,但係每年屆奧運其實都係國家實力同政治嘅一次重要大考驗。因為每次搞一場奧運都代表國家有足夠嘅實力同配置去迎接來自世界各地唔同嘅觀眾。同時,奧運亦都係一次比各國選手去展現自己同同國家訓練成果嘅一次機會。而每屆奧運嘅選址,都會左右國家喺政治同外交上嘅力量。

 

今次我哋嘅委員會係國際奧林匹克委員,而議題就喺為2032年夏委奧運會選出舉辦國家。代表們需要喺澳洲布里斯本、印度亞美達巴德、印尼雅加達、卡達杜哈、德國萊茵、以及西班牙馬德里呢六個城市中選出適合嘅城市。代表們將會化身為來自世界各地嘅化表,喺了解國家嘅奧運計劃、經濟狀況、國家實力等方面後,為奧委會選出2032年夏季奧林匹克運動會嘅舉辦城市。

Committee: Social, Humanitarian, and Cultural Committee (SOCHUM)

Topic: Harnessing Cultural Heritage for Sustainable Development

Delegations: 40 seats, Single Delegation

Working language: English (British English)

 

Humans review their history while achieving new development. Cultural heritage as the medium of history and culture should contribute itself and to be the critical facilitator of sustainable development. It is also the contemporary legacy of people from history, and it is chosen by society to exist.

 

Looking at Machu Picchu in Peru, the Great Wall of China and the Acropolis of Athens in Greece, how can these heritages contribute to sustainable development efficiently is the global consensus question. Sustainability is one of the five pillars of the Framework for Action on Cultural Heritage, which highlights its potential to enhance social capital, boost economic growth and secure environmental sustainability. Culture and cultural heritage can help to achieve inclusive and sustainable development. UNESCO has funded several heritage for development projects through the ‘Millennium Development Goals Achievement Fund’ collaborating with other United Nations organizations and domestic partners all over the world during 2008 to 2013 and it sheds light on multifaceted aspects of cultural heritage for sustainable development by discussing key achievements and common pitfalls. These projects are particularly relevant for an investigation of this kind as they incorporated many ideas and concerns that were later included in the 2015 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), and their results were also used by UNESCO to provide evidence on the relevance of culture and heritage during the negotiations for defining the SDGs.

 

The Social, Humanitarian, and Cultural Committee (SOCHUM), is the Third Committee of the United Nations General Assembly. It focuses on issues dealing with fundamental human rights in the international community. SOCHUM was founded in 1945 in reaction to the establishment of the Universal Declaration on Human Rights. The Third Committee promotes and enforces basic freedoms and ideals meant to be enjoyed by the entire international community such as the right to life, the expression of cultures, the freedom of political participation, the protection of children’s rights, and the promotion of social development, among many others. Delegates need to represent countries with different backgrounds and based on this information to analyze the most suitable plan to harness cultural heritage for sustainable development.

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第一屆澳門模擬聯合國大會 委員會.png

委員會:聯合國安全理事會

議題:武裝衝突中的平民保護問題

席位設置:30席,單代表制

工作語言:繁體中文(普通話)

 

“There is nothing good in war, except its ending.”

 

炮火與血淚,是戰事紛爭的關鍵詞。而戰爭的另一面,是失去:失去賴以生存的家園、失去得到醫療救濟的條件、失去獲得教育的機會…

 

作為導致窮困、饑荒與社會動盪的元兇之一,武裝衝突仍是值得全球社會關注的問題。時至今日,每年仍有數百萬無助平民因恐怖主義襲擊及武裝衝突而遭到恫嚇、虐待甚至殺害。2021年2月,緬甸軍隊奪取政權後,緬甸國內爆發內戰,上萬平民死於政治暴力武裝衝突;2021年5月,以色列與加沙地帶的武裝組織爆發嚴重衝突,導致眾多家庭流離失所、傷亡數千。2022年1月,達伊沙武裝分子在敘利亞發起大範圍暴力襲擊與衝突,使包括婦女、兒童與其他弱勢群體的當地居民直面極端殘酷的折磨與嚴重的人道主義危機。

 

儘管在過去的數十年間,聯合國會議上已討論並通過了不計其數的人權法及國際公約,但國際社會在加強武裝衝突中對平民的保護,尤其是對弱勢群體的保護上,仍然進展甚微。

 

2022年,繼往開來。時值飽受考驗的疫情时代,新的一年被寄予了作為復甦之年的厚望。也正是在這樣的時代背景下,對平民的援助與保護將更具挑戰性,國際社會的合作與支持亦尤為重要。

 

“The real war will never get in the books.”

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